viernes, 26 de febrero de 2010

Audio Glossary on Migration

We all know by now that Migration is the movement of people from one place in the world to another. People can either choose to move (voluntary migration) or be forced to move (involuntary migration).


This glossary contains brief definitions of some basic terms used when talking about migration.


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Emigration: Leaving one country to move to another.


Immigration: Moving into a new country.


Seasonal Migration: When people move with each season (e.g. farm workers...)


Immigrate: To enter and settle in a country or region to which one is not native.


Emigrate: To leave one's country or region to settle in another


Immigrant: The person who is entering a country or region from another to make a new home.


Emigrant: A person who is leaving a country or region to live in another.


Naturalization: Giving an alien the rights and privileges of a native or citizen.


Refugee: Someone who leaves their country in search of refuge, as in times of war, political oppression, or religious persecution.


Green Card: Official document issued to aliens, allowing them to work legally in the USA.


Passport: An official government document that certifies one's identity and citizenship and permits a citizen to travel abroad.


Citizenship:The condition or status of a citizen, with its rights and duties.


Ethnic Groups: Large groups of people classed according to common racial, cultural,national origins.


Ethnocentrism: The belief in the inherent superiority of one's own ethnic group or culture.


Pull factors: They are the reasons why people want to go to one place rather than another.


Push Factors: They are the reasons why people want to leave a place.


Unemployment: The state of being unemployed, without work.


Poverty: The state or condition of having little or no money, goods, or means of support, condition of being poor, indigence.


Famine/Food shortage: Extreme and general scarcity of food, as in a country or a large geographical area.


Discrimination: Treatment or consideration of, or making a distinction in favour or against, a person or thing based on the group, class, or category to which that person or thing belongs rather than on individual merit; racial and religious intolerance and discrimination.


Assimilation: The merging of cultural traits from previously distinct cultural groups, not involving biological amalgamation.


To settle: To migrate to and organize an area, territory, etc. Colonize


The Great American Melting Pot: An expression emphasizing the integration and assimilation of immigrants in the US culture.


A Salad Pot: An expression that emphasizes pluralism and multiculturalism.


Kaleidoscope: An expression that emphasizes that both immigrants and society adapt and change.






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